Ethcis Statement


Publishing Ethics Statement

Guihaia follows internationally recognized publishing ethics. According to the relevant guidelines published by the Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) and combined with the actual situation of the journal, we have formulated the ethical standards of the journal, which authors, editors and reviewers should strictly observe:


1. Duties of Authors

1.1 We regard the first author and corresponding author as the responsible authors of the manuscript. Responsible authors should take the responsibilities of all matters in the publishing process of the manuscript, including but not limited to revision of the manuscript, handling queries, reviewing proofs, paying related fees. Responsible authors are obliged to ensure that all the authors have read and agreed to the content of the manuscript and all relevant information, such as the authorship, author order, etc.

1.2 Authors should confirm the sources of all data they used, and the findings and results from other researchers mentioned in manuscripts should be properly cited and marked. Authors should ensure that the manuscript is an original work, free from academic misconduct (e.g., plagiarism, data forgery), contains no confidential information, and does not involve multiple submissions, redundant publication, and other relevant issues.

1.3 Authorship Criteria:

All signed authors must meet the journal's authorship criteria, that is, all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation. They should have made substantial contributions to the following: conception and design of the study, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, or final approval of the version to be submitted, etc.

1.4 Author Contribution Statement:

In order to prevent academic misconduct such as nominal authorship, all authors are required to complete and upload the Author Statement document (see the Download Centre page), which includes the Author Contribution Statement, to declare their individual contributions to the article.

1.5 The author list shall not be modified at will. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made before the manuscript has been accepted. To request such a change, the corresponding author should explain the reason for the change and send a confirmation letter that all authors agree to modifying the author list to the Editorial Office. When adding or removing authors, the confirmation letter should also include the acknowledgments of the added or removed authors.

1.6 Conflict of Interest Statement:

All authors need to complete and upload the Author Statement document (see Download Centre page), which includes the Conflict of Interest Statement, to disclose any potential conflicts of interest in the research. A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author's institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that could influence (or bias) the author's decisions, work, or manuscript. Authors should also disclose conflicts of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript.


2. Duties of Editors

2.1 Editors should deal with each manuscript fairly and impartially, and accept or reject a manuscript according to the journal's scope, the novelty and academic quality of the manuscript. For manuscripts that pass the preliminary review, editors should register and submit them for the following review processes. For manuscripts that pass the final review, editors should edit and publish them in a timely manner.

2.2 Editors should follow double-blind review process and keep the true review records. They have the duty to keep confidential the information of authors and reviewers, the authors' research results, and the intermediate materials in manuscript processing.

2.3 Editors have the responsibility to avoid academic misconduct such as multiple submissions and redundant publication. After the submission and before the publication of each manuscript, editors should use the AMLC system provide by CNKI to conduct plagiarism check on the manuscript.

2.4 Editors should provide authors with detailed revision opinions or reasons for rejection as much as possible, objectively state the review status of manuscripts, and do not make personal comments or attacks on review experts and authors.

2.5 In the process of editing and publishing, editors should not only pay attention to publishing norms, but also respect the author's point of view and writing style, and should obtain the author's consent for key revisions of the manuscript, such as revision on academic views.


3. Duties of Reviewers

3.1 Reviewers should give their review comments within 2 weeks after receiving the manuscript. If a reviewer has no time or the manuscript does not match the reviewer's specialty, the reviewer should immediately inform the Editorial Office or recommend appropriate experts for review. Reviewers should strictly review manuscripts and provide specific and instructive comments. Reviewers should give a clear evaluation of the manuscript, including: innovation degree, article quality, review results (i.e., accepted, accepted after revision, another review after revision, rejected), etc.

3.2 Reviewers should make honest, objective, and fair review based on the principles of maintaining academic integrity and respecting academic freedom. They shall not prejudice or discriminate against the author's country, institution, race, religion, political belief, gender, etc., and shall not disclose the research content of the manuscript they review.

3.3 When there are conflicts of interest between the reviewer and author (e.g., kinship, teacher-student relationship, alumni relationship, colleague relationship, competition relationship), in order to ensure the fairness of the review, the reviewer should consult the Editorial Office in time to obtain further suggestions.

3.4 When a reviewer finds the research similar to his/her own, the review comments must not contain unsubstantiated or malicious criticism and unfair content. The reviewer should avoid making unfounded allegations.

3.5 Reviewers should review manuscripts in a timely manner as agreed. If review comments cannot be returned on time, the reviewer should notify the Editorial Office in time and withdraw from reviewing the manuscript, and can recommend suitable reviewers. Without the permission of the Editorial Office, reviewers are not allowed to entrust their own students or colleagues to review the manuscript on their own behalf.

3.6 When reviewers encounter a manuscript they have reviewed, they are obliged to report the situation to the Editorial Office and complete the review according to the journal's standards.


4. Academic Misconduct

The journal only accepts original articles that have not been submitted to other journals and have not been published. Academic misconduct such as plagiarism, data forgery, multiple submissions, and redundant publication are strictly prohibited. To prevent academic misconduct, the Editorial Office adopts the AMLC system provided by China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) to conduct plagiarism detection on all manuscripts after submission and before publication.

For manuscripts found to have academic misconduct: (1) They will be rejected by the journal. (2) The fees paid by the authors for the manuscripts, such as publication fee, will not be returned. (3) The journal will not send remuneration and copies of the issue to the authors and will ask the authors to compensate for relevant printing expenses. (4) For authors with severe academic misconduct, they will be included in the “List of Academic Misconduct Authors” of the journal, and for the authors in this list, the Editorial Office will pay special attention on reviewing their research results and may restrict the publication of their manuscripts. (5) If a published article is confirmed to have academic misconduct, the Editorial Office will retract the article, issue a retraction statement, and notify the authors' institutions and other relevant journals. Meanwhile, all manuscripts from the first author will not be accepted in the next two years. (6) The journal reserves the right to claim compensation from the authors who cause losses to the journal due to academic misconduct.

We welcome readers and authors to actively feedback relevant information to us, so as to create a better academic environment.


5. Digital Archive & Online Accessibility

Articles published by the journal since its establishment in 1981 have been digitally archived on the journal's official website, through which readers can directly access the articles online. All information and material are backed-up in the Editorial Office for security reason, including the print-copy and digital-copy of all issues, and all other relevant material (e.g., authors' additional information and forms submitted during submission).

Apart from archiving on our official website, the full-text of the journal's articles are also stored in the following databases and platforms: CNKI, Wanfang Data, Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database, Chaoxing Journals Database. Readers can access the above-mentioned databases and platforms to obtain the articles published in Guihaia.

In addition, it is allowed for authors to deposit all versions of their articles in an institutional or other repository of the authors' choice. However, it is necessary to indicate the articles' publishing information in the metadata in the institutional or other repository and use that as a recommended way of citation.